Work, career, business → Protection ... from the blind?
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Social networks: plus, minus, anyway?
Social networks have tightly entered our lives: we are in a hurry to share the latest news with friends through statuses, post new photos or just chat. The most famous…

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Can I make money on the Internet?
“Question everything” - this is the translation of this Latin dictum, which belongs to the French philosopher and scientist of the 17th century Rene Descartes. In Soviet times, even schoolchildren…

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Internet bestiary: who are trolls?

The troll is not only a fabulous character, but trolling is not only fishing. Modern dictionaries interpret trolling (from the English trolling) as “posting on the Internet (on forums, in discussions, in Usenet newsgroups, in wikis, etc.) provocative messages with the aim of provoking a flame, conflicts between participants, insults, a war of edits etc., that is, the performance of actions that divert the attention of the participants or readers. The troll, respectively, is a person engaged in this filthy affair. So who are these trolls? Within the framework of this article, it makes sense to divide trolls into only two categories: initiative trolls and salary trolls. Initiative troll In fact, this is a simple online bully, pursuing some of its immediate goals. Fighting boredom, attempting self-realization, dropping someone’s post or article in order to attract attention to their person, and so on. There can be many motivations, but, as a rule, the most common algorithm of their actions is “throwing shit at the fan”. This is the most harmless and easily calculated type of troll. Also easily localized. The following form is much more dangerous: Troll on salary This is one of the tools of the information war being waged now. Didn’t know that she was coming? Well, know that. Fighting is carried out everywhere, and the Internet can be safely called the central front line. The main players are supranational entities, states, various power elites and others, opposing both each other and the “partisan detachments” fighting with all of them. The purpose of this war is to win over as many people as possible, since they are already or will subsequently become consumers / electorate / flock / taxpayers and so on. That is the foundation of someone’s well-being. Everything is simple with the media – control is carried out through licensed tools, censorship, human resources and an administrative resource. Everything is much more complicated with the Internet: it is impossible to put pressure on a hoster located outside the Russian Federation, you cannot quickly arrest a server located in the same place, you cannot select a domain name outside the zones .ru, .su and .рф, you cannot be intimidated or arrested on a far-fetched accusation of a person , whose location is problematic to establish, it is impossible to disperse 500 people with a virtual rubber baton who unauthorized gathered to discuss any urgent topic on some forum. And in the end, the ancient thesis “in order to defeat someone’s struggle, it is necessary to lead it” has not been canceled. Here the relevant special services and structures use their secret weapon – the troll. This troll is no longer just an initiative “handsome”, it is already a monster that sets certain goals and receives a salary for this. He will no longer become personal, will not allow phrases such as “hear a dude”, will not poke his IMHO wherever he gets. He will be very careful and consistent in dealing with others: litter and divert the discussion away from the original meaning of the article or blog. Tools used by such an intellectual troll: Accusing the author of an article or post of lying. For example, you write about the crisis and discontent in Belarus. The Belarusian KGB troll will write in the first person: “… I myself live in Minsk and I can say that everything described here is a lie …” Well, and so on. The demand for evidence is obvious. Questioning the personal experience or qualifications of the author. For example: “… And does this say a lawyer? Yes, even a freshman of any collective farm law school knows that … “And that’s it, the topic has gone aside. Instead of communicating in essence, the author will be forced to prove either his experience in a certain issue or his professional suitability. With the help of a bot or several bots, the organization of a parallel discussion, leading readers away from the original thought, is blabbering. (This, in theory, should be put on a separate page of the Internet bestiary. In this context, the bot is the creation of another fictitious person on one or several accounts on a particular site in order to participate in the discussion of something under the guise of several people of the same person. The most effective a tool for creating an online crowd. The widespread use of dogma. For example, you write an objective article about religion. The troll is likely to give out something from the series “… Man is a divine being constantly attacked by the devil and demons! Your lips say it is not you, because only the devil and his servants can accuse the Russian Orthodox Church (Vatican, Dalai Lama, etc.) of double-deception! ”Transition to individuals. But not as primitive as the initiative troll – everything is more neat and refined. For example: “… Why did you get this that you can and have the right to speak competently on these topics …” Or: “… What university did you study at? At RSU? I know him, there is rubbish, not teaching, and the sessions are bought per bottle … ”Permanent nit-picking. A standing demand for evidence of every argument in an article or post. For example: “… And where did you get the idea that in 1937 more than 1,000,000 people were dispossessed? Wikipedia? He’s lying, I know for sure.

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